In the late medieval phase, some changes were taking place on the economic and social landscape of Europe which paved the way for the development of the spirit of Renaissance. It was during this period that Europe came in contact with the liberal ideologies of the eastern countries, which provided the formula for new consciousness. Political developments, such as the Turks’ authority over Kustuntunia and new technological discoveries, such as the invention of the printer, were also helpful in the development of the Renaissance. The ideological scholastic ideology of medieval Europe also provided an inspiration for the Renaissance but, above all, the Gangotri of the Renaissance was located in the classical cultures of ancient Greece and Rome, whose studies demonstrated a special interest in the Renaissance period.
Top 6 reasons for the renaissance of the modern era
Top 6 reasons for the renaissance of the modern era
Now know the top 6 of the modern era renaissance
01 Crusade and contact with eastern countries
It is believed that the earliest inspirations of independent research in the Renaissance period, or the Sphulling, were obtained through contact with the eastern countries of Europe as a result of the crusade. These crusades were fought by Christians to liberate their holy land of Jerusalem from Muslim domination. A total of eight religious wars were fought between 1096 and 1271, although Christians failed to obtain their holy land. But the contact of Europeans with the eastern countries through the Crusades broke Europe’s years of inertial separatism and the arrival of many new ideas and things in Europe which gave impetus to the process of Renaissance. According to Sven, ‘it is certain that the religious consequences of the crusade were far less than its intellectual, economic and social consequences.’ In the words of Davis (An Outline History of the World), ‘the greatest of crusades on the world of Europe The effect was that they gave Christians the opportunity to go to foreign lands that had more civilizations and provided the basis for a liberal education. The impact of crusades in relation to the Renaissance can be understood in the following points:
(1) Through the Crusades, the Europeans got an opportunity to know the relatively liberal views of the eastern countries. The people who returned from the crusades returned with a broad intellectual horizon and started raising many questions on the narrow and inert mindset of Europe. In the words of J.E. Sven, ‘it can be said that the Crusades made a very wide contribution to the advent of new ideas and disintegrating the old system, which made the Renaissance possible.
(2) As a result of the Crusades, scholars of Europe became conscious towards acquiring accumulated knowledge of Eastern cultures. Through the people who went to the crusade, the Europeans got to know about the liberal philosophical ideas of Eastern countries, Arabic numbers, Qutubanuma, paper etc. Aristotle’s scientific texts also reintroduced into Europe through the Eastern countries.
(3) Many items of Eastern countries came to Europe through crusades, such as spices, fragrant liquors, silk, muslin, sugar, medicines, glass items, precious stones, carpets, dates, wine, etc. The demand for these goods increased in the markets of Europe, which resulted in a tremendous boost to trade and commerce. New trading centers and cities developed, which gave the thinkers of the Renaissance era a favorable geographical center.
(4) Due to the defeat of the Christians in the Crusades and the arrival of the liberal views of the Eastern countries, the Europeans were somewhat disillusioned with the Church, and did not have full faith in the invincibility and faultlessness of the Church. Enlightened Europeans no longer depended on the Church to diagnose life’s problems, they turned to independent research. However, it would be wrong to assume that if there had not been a crusade, new ideas would not have arrived in Europe. In the words of Magenis and Apple, “All these things might have come slowly without the crusades, but due to the crusades there was undoubtedly haste in their arrival.”
02 economic change
Some changes were taking place in the economic life of Europe which weakened the feudal Manor system and created a new class which was not readily accepting the influence of the Church and the bishops. Such a class was independent intellectual investigation or ‘new individualism’. Became a nutrient and protector of According to Amiya Prasad Sen (Rise of the Modern West), it can generally be said that there was an undeniable correlation between economic changes and the gradual emergence of new values. Changes in the economic life of Europe contributed to the Renaissance as follows:
(1) The development of trade and the money-economy made the self-sufficient feudal system (manor system) hollow and shabby, due to which the peasants began to be liberated from their feudalism and their regressive mentality. Self-respect began to develop in them and at the same time aspired for independent thinking.
(2) The development of trade gave rise to a prosperous business class in Europe, which did not accept the suzerainty of the Church and the clergy in its new way of life. This class became an advocate of independent thinking and lifestyle on the basis of its prosperity.