Greek invasion of India : The Greeks considered themselves more civilized and cultured than the residents of Massipotamia. When Iran thought of promoting the Greeks, the Greeks made fun of them and addressed them as wild and uncivilized. In 338 BC Phillips attacked the Greeks and after a simple war, captured Thebes and Athens.
In this situation the Greeks considered Phillips their leader. Phillips also befriended him, freed him and returned the winning part. He then planned to attack Iran. At the same time, 336 BC, one of his own officers killed him. At the time he was murdered, his son Sikander was only 20 years old. He took responsibility at this young age.
Greek invasion of India
After the ascension of 336 BC, Sikandar reorganized the water and land forces at the age of 20 by taking charge of the state and the army and handling his administration. After completing all this arrangement, he invaded Iran in 334 BC. When it was invaded, Iran’s ruler was Darius III. He was a weak, luxury ruler. He fought with Alexander in Jesus.
In that war Darius had also taken the women of his harem (harem), Alexander was victorious in the battle and Darius ran away leaving his mother, women, and daughters all at the mercy of the enemy.
All these women remained under the authority of Macedonians. After the war of Jesus, Alexander began to reduce the power of Iran’s supporters. Because he feared opposition from them. He determined to eliminate them. In this task, he had to endure the greatest opposition of the Theinians. In it, his two main fortresses attacked Tire and Sidine and took them under his control. Their resistance ended after they had authority over these forts.
After conquering the Theinians, he did not sit still and made Egypt the target of his attack. The Egyptians, who had been suffering the slavery of Iran for many generations, had become steadfast, they understood that the Creator sent them their liberator as Alexander, and they gave him a great welcome.
When Alexander told the Egyptian god Emon and the Greek god Zeus n to be the same, his priests at the same time started calling their god Zeus-Emon. He addressed Alexander as the son of Zeus, the deity. From that time onwards Alexander started to place himself in the category of deity. A supernatural increase in his dignity took place. He became a god from man, he established a city named Alexandrisya by his name.
331 BC Alexander had his last decisive battle at Persia (Iran) in Arabella, in which Darius escaped from the field and was unfortunate that he was killed by some of his military officers en route. After the death of Darius, the entire Iranian empire became under Alexander, making it a great victory for Alexander. After the conquest of Iran, those soldiers wanted to return. This hurt Alexander’s ambition. He wanted to play his dancer as a cosmologist, the fortress of his immense hopes was far away.
Alexander was very firm in his persistence. He suppressed the military revolt with his iron-suppression cycle. Those who dared to oppose his ambition got him killed. He killed one of his most trusted chieftains, Cleatus, who once protected his life. He was now becoming very cruel and autocratic, his belief that he could never make any mistake. He started thinking of himself as a god. Dreaming of Vishwavijaya, he ordered his army to depart towards India.
At the time of Alexander’s invasion, the northwestern part of India was divided into several republics, not a state administered by a ruler. There was no mutual cordial friendship in those small states. Even more unfortunate was the fact that they were struggling among themselves, it was a privilege of Alexander that he did not face collective power. Not only this, it also happened that some selfish traitor states invited Alexander to invade India and also invited cooperation, the head of a state was Shashigupta in the north of Hindukush.
He fought a war with Alexander from the Iranian Empire. He became a friend of Alexander after his defeat, the same Shakashigupta assured Alexander of assistance against India. Similarly, Ambika, the prince of Taxila, had already sent an invitation to come to India, the reason for this was that Ambhi had an old enmity with the man. He wanted to degrade Puru for these reasons that inspired Alexander to attack.
Alexander did not intend to become the guest of Takshashila by entering India-land until he subjugated the castes between Kapisha and Taxila. He attacked these castes and strongly opposed Alexander. First of all, he had to fight with the horsemen and the fowls.